Specific Searches


Search for phrases

  • Enclose search in quotation marks for exact matches
    • "war and peace"
    • "media watch"
    • "Australian Competition and Consumer Commission"

Combine terms


  • Build a search using more than one combining word
  • Place brackets around search groups for effective searching, e.g. (business AND law) NOT tax
  • Use AND, OR, XOR, NOT between terms to make your search more specific
    • AND -- finds both terms in a record
    • OR -- finds both or either term in a record
    • XOR -- finds either term but not both in a record
    • NOT -- finds one term but not any other in a record
  • Use symbols to replace combining words if you prefer
    • + [plus symbol] -- replaces AND
    • |   [pipe symbol] -- replaces OR
    • - [space hyphen] -- replaces NOT

Use truncation


  • Use truncation [*] to find variations of your search term
  • Truncation symbol substitutes an unlimited number of characters
    • electr* -- finds "electric", "electricity", "electron", "electrolysis", "electrocute" etc.
    • colo*1r -- finds "color" or "colour"
    • sul*2ur -- finds "sulfur" or "sulphur"
    • *refere* -- finds "preference", "preferential", "referee", "reference" etc.

Use wildcards


  • Use wildcards [?] to find variations of your search term
  • Wildcard symbol substitutes a single character
  • Wildcard and truncation symbols can be used together
    • use? -- finds "user", "used", "uses"
    • wom?n -- finds "woman" or "women"
    • pro?ect* -- finds "project", "projects", "protected", "protection" etc.

Use operators


  • Use operators to find terms in specific order
  • Enter a space before and after the operator used
    • % -- finds terms next to each other in any order
    • ! -- finds terms next to each other in that order
    • %10 -- finds terms within ten words of each other in any order
    • !10 -- finds terms within ten words of each other in that order
    • @ -- finds terms similar in spelling to your term

Search fields


  • Restrict a search to a specific field by entering a field code before the term
    • Use subject: to search the Subject field, e.g. subject:diabetes
    • Use ti: to search the Title field, e.g. ti:foreign correspondent
    • Use author: to search the Author field, e.g. author:peter ryan
    • Use summary: to search the Abstract field, e.g. summary:engineering hydraulic
    • Use fc: to search the full text field, e.g. fc:"native title" legislation
    • Use type: to search the document type, e.g. type:editorial
    • Use ib: to search the ISBN, e.g. IB:9781921401343
    • Use eib: to search the eISBN, e.g. eIB:1423748840
    • Use is: to search the ISSN, e.g. IS:1320-6567
    • Use eis: to search the eISSN, e.g. eIS:1836-2206

Search date and number ranges


  • Use range operators to restrict a search to a range of dates or numbers in numeric fields
    • -   [range search]   -- finds dates and numbers within the range, e.g. py:2009-2012
    • =   [equals]   -- finds exact dates and numbers, e.g. pd:=2012
    • <>   [not equal to]   -- finds all dates and numbers other than the entry, e.g. py:<>2010
    • <   [less than]   -- finds dates and numbers less than the entry, e.g. vrf:<10
    • <=   [less than or equal to] -- finds dates and numbers less than or equal to the entry py:<=2007
    • >   [greater than]   -- finds dates and numbers greater than the entry, e.g. pg:>85
    • >=   [greater than or equal to]   -- finds dates and numbers greater than or equal to the entry, e.g. pg:>=15

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